Transitional Jobs/Subsidized Employment

Brief

Benefits and Costs of the RecycleForce Enhanced Transitional Jobs Program

June, 2018
Kimberly Foley, Mary Farrell, Riley Webster, Johanna Walter

This benefit-cost analysis examines an Indianapolis program that offered subsidized jobs, case management, peer mentorship, and other support to former prisoners. The program reduced incarcerations and increased employment and earnings among participants, and the overall benefits to society from these effects outweighed program costs.

Report

Final Impacts of the Next Generation of Subsidized Employment Programs

May, 2018
Bret Barden, Randall Juras, Cindy Redcross, Mary Farrell, Dan Bloom

“Transitional jobs” are temporary, subsidized jobs meant to teach participants basic work skills or help them get started with an employer. The Enhanced Transitional Jobs Demonstration tested seven such programs for people recently released from prison or low-income parents behind on child support. This report presents the final impact results.

Report

Subsidized Employment Programs Serving American Indians and Alaska Natives

September, 2018
Asaph Glosser, Emily Ellis

This report describes the ways in which eight TANF programs primarily serving American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) families use subsidized employment. It found that their use of subsidized employment has the potential to provide work opportunities for AIAN individuals with limited work experience and barriers to employment.

Report

Final Impacts and Costs of New York City’s Young Adult Internship Program

August, 2018

This report presents 30-month impacts from a random assignment evaluation of a program that subsidized employers to offer temporary paid jobs to young people who were disconnected from school and work in New York City. After 30 months, program enrollees and nonenrollees fared similarly, with the former slightly more likely to report employment.

Report

Findings from the Changing Attitudes and Motivation in Parolees Pilot Study

May, 2018
Erin Jacobs Valentine, Louisa Treskon, Cindy Redcross

A training program for parole officers in Dallas, Denver, and Des Moines sought to address the persistently high recidivism rates among individuals leaving prison. This study’s results show that officers generally already knew many of the curriculum’s concepts, and changes to their practices were limited.

Report
February, 2018
Sonya Williams, Richard Hendra

This report presents findings from an analysis of the effects of subsidized/transitional programs on subjective well-being, or how participants feel about their current life situations. The analysis found that the programs had positive effects on both employment and well-being while the programs operated, but these effects dissipated after the programs ended.

Report

Implementation and Early Impacts of the STEP Forward Program

November, 2017

This report presents implementation and interim impact findings from a random assignment evaluation of STEP Forward, a subsidized employment program in San Francisco serving a diverse group of low-income job seekers. In the first year, STEP Forward boosted employment and earnings, which suggests that participants obtained better jobs.

Report

Implementation and Early Impacts of the Young Adult Internship Program

April, 2017
Melanie Skemer, Arielle Sherman, Sonya Williams, Danielle Cummings

This report presents implementation and early impact results from a random assignment evaluation of the Young Adult Internship Program (YAIP), a subsidized employment program for young people in New York City who are disconnected from school and work. YAIP boosted earnings for participants, which suggests that they obtained better jobs.

Issue Focus
February, 2017

Subsidized employment programs use public funds to create jobs for the unemployed. This two-page memo describes how they can provide short-term income support to individuals with serious barriers to employment or to broader groups during poor economic times — while having positive effects on reducing recidivism, increasing child support payments, or reducing reliance on welfare.

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