Transitional Jobs/Subsidized Employment


Testing Strategies to Help Former Prisoners Find and Keep Jobs and Stay Out of Prison

July, 2009

Each year, almost 700,000 people are released from state prisons, and many struggle to find jobs and integrate successfully into society. This policy brief describes an innovative demonstration of transitional jobs programs for former prisoners in Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, and St. Paul being conducted by MDRC.


A Review of State Employment Programs Created Through the TANF Emergency Fund

December, 2011
Mary Farrell, Sam Elkin, Joseph Broadus, Dan Bloom

In 2009-2010, states placed more than 250,000 people in subsidized jobs using the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Emergency Fund established by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This report reviews the experience of the largest subsidized employment initiative in the country since the 1970s.

October, 2010
Janine Zweig, Jennifer Yahner, Cindy Redcross

CEO, a transitional jobs program for former prisoners in New York City, had its strongest effects for participants who were at highest risk of recidivism, for whom CEO reduced the probability of rearrest, the number of rearrests, and the probability of reconviction two years after entering the program.


Final Results from the Evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) Transitional Jobs Program

January, 2012
Cindy Redcross, Megan Millenky, Timothy Rudd, Valerie Levshin

Ex-prisoners who had access to CEO’s transitional jobs program were less likely to be convicted of a crime and reincarcerated. The effects were particularly large for those ex-prisoners who enrolled in the program shortly after release. The recidivism reductions mean that the program is cost-effective — generating more in savings than it cost.