Design, Sites, and Data Sources
Using data collected from 1998 through 2001, the study focused on the implementation and perceived benefits of the ESS programs. The implementation research was augmented by analyses of participation and program costs. While program implementation was examined in all 60 sites, the analysis of participation, costs, and benefits focused on 10 programs in six communities: Aurora, Colorado; Boston, Massachusetts; Central Falls, Rhode Island; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Missoula, Montana; and Savannah, Georgia.
The study findings are based on site visits; computerized records of program attendance; cost records; surveys of program participants and their parents; and interviews with program staff, students, parents, program partners, and city officials.