Using an alternative to classical statistics, this paper reanalyzes results from three published studies of interventions to increase employment and reduce welfare dependency. The analysis formally incorporates prior beliefs about the interventions, characterizing the results in terms of the distribution of possible effects, and generally confirms the earlier published findings.
After one year, CEO’s transitional jobs program generated a large but short-lived increase in employment for ex-prisoners. A subgroup of recently released prisoners showed positive effects on recidivism: They were less likely to have their parole revoked, to be convicted of a felony, and to be reincarcerated than the control group.
Evidence from Three States
In a study of over 3,500 women in welfare-to-work programs in three states, child care instability did not appear to be a major cause of employment instability.
Evidence from Random Assignment Studies of Welfare and Work Programs
Evidence from Ten Experimental Welfare-to-Work Programs
Ethnographic Evidence from Working Poor Families in the New Hope Intervention
How Mothers Meet Basic Family Needs While Moving from Welfare to Work
Patching Together Care for Children When Parents Move from Welfare to Work